Wu Yi, female, 63, Han nationality, is a native of Wuhan, Hubei Province. She was born in November 1938, joined the CPC in April 1962 and entered the workforce in August 1962. Wu graduated from the Oil Refinery Department, Beijing Petroleum Institute, where she majored in oil refinery engineering. As a university graduate, Wu has the title of Senior Engineer.
Wu spent her early career in the petroleum industry, first in Lanzhou and later in Beijing in the Ministry of Petroleum Industry. In the mid 1980s, she was a Party official and business executive at Yanshan Petroleum Corporation. Later she held government positions in Beijing and 1993, became Minister of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation.
Wu was an alternate member, 13th CPC Central Committee and a member of the 14th and 15th CPC Central Committees. She was a member of the Politburo of the 16th CPC Central Committee and served as vice-premier of the State Council from 2003-2008.